閲囪瀹炲綍涓ㄤ範涔﹁鏁戞椿浜嗗叿鏈夌櫨骞村巻鍙茬殑椹熬鑸瑰巶
鏃堕棿锛?span>2019-06-19 18:20:51   鏉ユ簮锛氬涔犳椂鎶ワ紙studytimes锛?/span>   浣滆€咃細鐢扮帀鐝?璺篃 鏉庢斂
杩戞棩锛屻€婄寤烘棩鎶ャ€嬪井淇¤浆杞芥帹閫佷簡瀛︿範鏃舵姤鐨勩€?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651720803&idx=1&sn=37517cdeace181558bddaf94654dd06d&chksm=bd074a308a70c3260e2b52aed35b6d4b3278768854c9ce15afbc2c2a0ad9062ae2431f8c5541&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; max-inline-size: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; outline: none 0px !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍锝滄垜涓庝範涔﹁浜ゆ帴鍦ㄥ熀灞?/a>銆?/span>銆?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651720951&idx=1&sn=68c73d3b6ea074ccf89d1d1549129ed0&chksm=bd074aa48a70c3b255d60aa3c550456cb6f25231ffd7728a69437b36ef8b025196f223b9db08&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; max-inline-size: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; outline: none 0px !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍锝滀範涔﹁鍦ㄥ畞寰锋彁鍑虹殑瑙傜偣鍜屾€濊矾鏀惧埌鐜板湪閮芥槸闈炲父鎭板綋鍜屾繁鍒荤殑銆嬨€?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651721013&idx=1&sn=ff5e0112d66698205b060fb73726c2e0&chksm=bd074b668a70c2703e464ba7af321a108dfe1c7a9f2e1f412db285652e9a46ae68b837f90eab&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; max-inline-size: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; outline: none 0px !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍锝滀範涔﹁涓绘斂瀹佸痉鏃跺氨灞曠幇鍑洪珮鐬昏繙鐬╃殑鎴樼暐鎬濈淮銆嬨€?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651721060&idx=1&sn=5dbf214f775c5b211e4554e71d06d433&chksm=bd074b378a70c221aad13d774ed9a4738e4d538fd84c4b6d9e40deb1f73d8e6906ec6ec0de86&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; max-inline-size: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; outline: none 0px !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍锝滀範涔﹁鎵€鍋氱殑涓€鍒囬兘鏄负浜嗚瀹佸痉浜烘皯鏃╂棩鎽嗚劚璐洶銆嬨€?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651721192&idx=1&sn=283c2a887a1bf19b330ca9f70ae334b8&chksm=bd074bbb8a70c2ad7b0e2e2081a462455f727441f83fc44cc8c6e2e5ddff4db10725a95ae65b&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; max-inline-size: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; outline: none 0px !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍锝滀範涔﹁鎶?ldquo;鍏粏鏃?rdquo;鍔炴垚浜?ldquo;杩炲績鏃?rdquo;銆嬨€?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651721278&idx=1&sn=730f7fb497bce631ae3c4554a433824a&chksm=bd07486d8a70c17bfa3f0f013a8b2f773c42ae9ed5af4ea2aefa98b1e2a6d49ea6772cad8e40&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; max-inline-size: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; outline: none 0px !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍锝滀範涔﹁鎻愬嚭鐨?ldquo;婊存按绌跨煶”鍜?ldquo;寮遍笩鍏堥”鍑濇垚浜嗛椊涓滅簿绁?/a>銆嬨€?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651721347&idx=1&sn=d231ce6ce4434a5e6045cb15a1a1c600&chksm=bd0748d08a70c1c6c1e51eed298e51b151de173394e66e30d0ac350858c6ad60a34791dd69c5&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; max-inline-size: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; outline: none 0px !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍锝滀範涔﹁鍦ㄥ畞寰锋槸浠?ldquo;涓変釜鍏堛€佷笁涓啀”鍘熷垯寮€灞€鐨?/a>銆嬨€?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651721418&idx=1&sn=16fd13737db9151787c4b6fa741e8c3b&chksm=bd0748998a70c18f4f7a918c251b1c411a4bdb89de8f1d525a594e0fd607ef45f76310cc92a6&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; max-inline-size: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; outline: none 0px !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍涓ㄤ範涔﹁寮鸿皟鎵惰传鍏堟壎蹇?/a>銆嬨€?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651721527&idx=1&sn=3a22acbe0d21a05bb21953b8776a477e&chksm=bd0749648a70c072e23bd3c47d54729771a0258febc1f35969c10d70a7522c73d65cab150002&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; max-inline-size: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; outline: none 0px !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍涓ㄤ範涔﹁鍊″鍥㈢粨涓€鍒囧彲浠ュ洟缁撶殑鍔涢噺銆嬨€?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651721545&idx=1&sn=b3bd3574853436f35a17020eb0a80c66&chksm=bd07491a8a70c00c6a54c51633dd45535abde7ed28cc68388b961df4fa11bec8dd9ae3ef2be2&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍涓ㄤ範涔﹁瀵瑰彂灞曞啗闃熶簨涓氭湁鎰熸儏鏈夋€濊矾鏈夊姙娉?/a>銆?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important; max-inline-size: 100%; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-indent: 34px; outline: none 0px !important;">銆?/span>閲囪瀹炲綍涓ㄤ範涔﹁鎶婃不鐞嗘暣椤跨湅浣滃彂灞曠殑鏂版満閬?/span>銆?/span>銆?a data-itemshowtype="0" data-linktype="2" hasload="1" href="http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NTA4MzA2OA==&mid=2651721701&idx=1&sn=0b14fcca263c2f8d74f7e63e6dd97f09&chksm=bd0749b68a70c0a020ede999fa6cbebac2a76c9fc0d010b5df7725676843ca08bbf6d32ac208&scene=21#wechat_redirect" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; color: rgb(87, 107, 149); text-decoration-line: none; -webkit-tap-highlight-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0); max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;" target="_blank">閲囪瀹炲綍涓ㄨ窡鐫€涔犱功璁板共宸ヤ綔鏈夊姩鍔涙湁骞插姴銆?/span>

浠婃棩锛屽涔犳椂鎶?/span>缁х画鍒婄櫥閲囪瀹炲綍銆?ldquo;涔犱功璁版晳娲讳簡鍏锋湁鐧惧勾鍘嗗彶鐨勯┈灏捐埞鍘?rdquo;銆嬶紝銆婄寤烘棩鎶ャ€嬪井淇′簣浠ヨ浆杞姐€?br />
\

閲囪缁勶細璋㈡€绘偍濂斤紒鎴戜滑鐭ラ亾锛屼範杩戝钩鍚屽織鏄?988骞村埌瀹佸痉浠诲湴濮斾功璁扮殑銆傚綋鏃舵偍灏卞湪瀹佸痉宸ヤ綔锛岃鎮ㄨ皥璋堝綋鏃剁殑鎯呭喌銆?/span>

 

璋綔姘戯細濂界殑銆備範涔﹁鏄?988骞?鏈堝埌瀹佸痉宸ヤ綔鐨勩€傚綋鏃跺畞寰风殑缁忔祹鐘跺喌寰堝樊锛屼笉閫氶珮閫熷叕璺紝鏇存病鏈夐搧璺紝浠庡畞寰峰埌绂忓窞涔樻苯杞﹁璧?涓皬鏃躲€傛暣涓湴鍖鸿传鍥伴潰寰堝ぇ锛屽共閮ㄧ兢浼楃殑鎬濇兂鍙堝緢淇濆畧锛屽啘涓氬彂灞曢兘寰堝洶闅撅紝鏇村埆鎻愪笂浠€涔堝伐涓氶」鐩簡銆傚彲浠ヨ锛屼範涔﹁鍒板畞寰蜂笂浠伙紝瀹佸痉鐨勫共閮ㄧ兢浼楀浠栨槸瀵勪簣寰堝ぇ鏈熸湜鐨勶紝澶у閮戒互涓哄勾杞绘湁涓虹殑涔犱功璁颁竴瀹氳兘鐑ц捣“涓夋妸鐏?rdquo;銆傚彲浠栧埌浜嗗畞寰蜂互鍚庯紝骞舵病璇翠粈涔?ldquo;璞█澹”锛岃€屾槸寰堝揩鍒板悇涓幙璺戜簡涓€鍦堬紝瀵瑰畞寰锋暣浣撻潰璨屼綔浜嗘繁鍏ヤ簡瑙c€傚洶闅炬瘮浠栨兂璞″緱鏇村ぇ涓€浜涳紝浠栬涓烘棦涓嶈兘缁欏共閮ㄧ兢浼楁臣鍐锋按锛岃繕瑕佽В鍐崇兢浼楃殑瀹為檯鍥伴毦锛屾墍浠ヤ粬鎻愬嚭浜嗕竴涓€讳綋鎬濊矾锛屽氨鏄?ldquo;婊存按绌跨煶”銆傛垜浠綋鏃朵互涓?ldquo;婊存按绌跨煶”鏄笉瑕佹€ャ€佹參鎱㈡潵锛屽叾瀹炰笉鏄繖涓剰鎬濄€傛垜浠參鎱㈡偀鍒帮紝“婊存按绌跨煶”鏄缓绔嬪湪闂戒笢褰撴椂瀹為檯鎯呭喌鍩虹涓婃彁鍑烘潵鐨勫瑙傝€屾繁杩滅殑鍙戝睍鎬濊矾銆傚氨鍍忎範涔﹁褰撳勾璇寸殑閭f牱锛屽畞寰疯繖鏍蜂竴涓?ldquo;鑰併€佸皯銆佽竟銆佸矝銆佺┓”鍦板尯锛岃皥缁忔祹鍙戝睍锛屽繀鐒跺彈鍒板巻鍙叉潯浠躲€佽嚜鐒剁幆澧冦€佸湴鐞嗗洜绱犵瓑鍚勬柟闈㈢殑鍒剁害锛屾病鏈変粈涔堟嵎寰勫彲璧帮紝涓嶅彲鑳戒竴澶滀箣闂村氨鍙戠敓宸ㄥ彉銆傝鎽嗚劚璐洶锛屽氨瑕侀潬涓€绉嶆寔涔嬩互鎭掔殑鎬佸害锛屼竴绉嶆暍瀛楀綋澶淬€佷箟鏃犲弽椤剧殑绮剧锛屼竴浠绘帴鐫€涓€浠诲共锛屼换浠诲共缁欎汉姘戠湅銆傛湁鐨勫伐浣滃彲鑳借鍋氫竷鍏勾銆佸崄鏉ュ勾锛岀敋鑷虫洿闀跨殑鏃堕棿锛屼絾娌″叧绯伙紝鍙鎴戜滑鐩爣涓€鑷达紝鐭㈠織涓嶇Щ锛屾棩澶嶄竴鏃ュ湴骞蹭笅鍘伙紝灏变竴瀹氳兘澶熷垱閫犲嚭濂囪抗銆備笉绠℃槸涔犱功璁板悗鏉ユ彁鍑虹殑“鍥涗笅鍩哄眰”涔熷ソ锛岃繕鏄暣娌诲共閮ㄨ繚瑙勫缓鎴裤€佸€″“涓哄畼涓€浠伙紝閫犵涓€鏂?rdquo;涔熷ソ锛岄兘鏄笇鏈涙垜浠畞寰风殑鍚勭骇骞查儴鎽掑純涓嶈壇鐨勪环鍊艰鍜屼綔椋庝範姘旓紝鎷ф垚涓€鑲$怀锛屼负浜嗛椊涓滅粡娴庢尟鍏村拰鍙戝睍锛屼负浜?ldquo;寮遍笩”寰椾互“鍏堥”锛屽彂鎵笉鎬曞悆鑻︺€佷笉鎬曞洶闅剧殑绮剧锛屽垱閫犲嚭涓€涓?ldquo;婊存按绌跨煶”鐨勫杩规潵銆傛垜璁や负锛岃繖绉嶆€濇兂鏄範涔﹁鍒板畞寰峰伐浣滄湡闂翠竴涓緢閲嶈鐨勭悊璁哄垱鏂帮紝涔熷緢澶х▼搴﹀奖鍝嶄簡浠栦箣鍚庣殑浠庢斂缁忓巻銆傛垜鎬昏寰楋紝浠栧瀹佸痉銆佸闂戒笢澶у湴鏈変竴绉嶇壒娈婄殑鎯呭垎锛岃繖鏄竴涓緢閲嶈鐨勫洜绱犮€?/span>

 

閲囪缁勶細閭d箞锛屼粬鍦ㄥ畞寰蜂换鑱屾湡闂达紝缁欏畞寰峰共閮ㄧ兢浼楃暀涓嬩簡鎬庢牱鐨勫嵃璞★紵

 

璋綔姘戯細鍓嶉潰鎴戞彁鍒颁簡涓€鐐癸紝涔犱功璁板湪瀹佸痉鎵庢牴鍩哄眰锛屾繁鍏ョ兢浼楋紝杩欑瀹㈣鍔″疄銆佺湡鎶撳疄骞茬殑宸ヤ綔浣滈锛屾槸浠栫暀缁欐垜浠殑鏈€涓烘繁鍒荤殑鍗拌薄銆傞櫎姝や箣澶栵紝杩樻湁涓€浜涗簨鎯咃紝璁╂垜浠劅瑙﹀緢娣便€?/span>

涔犱功璁板綋鏃舵槸瀹佸痉鐨?ldquo;鐖舵瘝瀹?rdquo;锛屼絾浠栦粠涓嶆悶鐗规畩锛屽潗鐨勬苯杞︽槸鐢ㄥ墠浠讳功璁扮殑锛屽徃鏈轰篃鏄敤鍓嶄换涔﹁鐨勶紝浣忕殑鎴垮瓙閲屽彧鏈夌數椋庢墖锛屼笅涔¤蛋灞辫矾涔熼兘鏄嚜宸辨媱涓€鏍规嫄鏉栵紝璺啀闅捐蛋锛岄兘瑕佽蛋鍒扮兢浼椾腑鍘伙紝璧拌繘鑰佺櫨濮撳閲屻€?/span>

 

杩樻湁涓€涓紝灏辨槸浣跨敤骞查儴鍧氭寔浜旀箹鍥涙捣鐨勫師鍒欙紝璧扮兢浼楄矾绾匡紝鍧氭寔鍏鍏亾銆傚ぇ姒傛槸1990骞村垵锛屽畞寰峰湴鍖烘悶骞查儴姘戜富娴嬭瘎鎺ㄨ崘銆傜粡杩囨帹鑽愩€佹皯涓绘祴璇勭瓑鍑犱釜绋嬪簭锛屽噯澶囧畨鎺掓垜鍒板畞寰峰競锛堟敞锛氬綋鏃剁殑瀹佸痉鍦板尯瀹佸痉甯傦紝鍗崇幇鍦ㄧ殑瀹佸痉甯傝晧鍩庡尯锛夊綋涔﹁銆備粬浜茶嚜鏉ヨ€冩牳鎴戯紝鍚簡鎴戠殑姹囨姤锛屽張浜嗚В浜嗗ぇ瀹跺鎴戠殑璇勪环锛岃寰楀緢婊℃剰銆備粬瀵规垜璇达紝鍋氬共閮ㄨ寰锋墠鍏煎锛屼絾鏇撮噸瑕佺殑鏄痉銆備綘浠负瀹樹竴浠伙紝灏辨槸瑕侀噸瑙嗗搧寰蜂慨鍏伙紝甯﹂涓€鏂圭櫨濮撹繃涓婂ソ鏃ュ瓙銆備粬鐨勮瘽鎴戜竴鐩撮摥璁颁簬蹇冿紝鎴戝悗鏉ュ湪浣跨敤骞查儴涓婁篃娌跨敤浠栫殑杩欎釜鏍囧噯锛岄噸鑳藉姏鏇撮噸鍝佸痉锛岃€屼笉鏄儚涓€浜涗汉鎵€璇寸殑“璋佸拰棰嗗闈犺繎灏辨彁鎷旇皝锛岃皝涓嶉潬杩戝氨涓嶆彁鎷旇皝锛涜皝閫佷笢瑗垮氨鎻愭嫈璋侊紝璋佷笉閫佷笢瑗垮氨涓嶆彁鎷旇皝”銆?/span>

 

閲囪缁勶細涔犺繎骞冲悓蹇?990骞寸寮€瀹佸痉鍒扮宸炰换甯傚涔﹁锛屽湪鎺ㄥ姩闂戒笢缁忔祹鍙戝睍涓婁粛鐒跺敖蹇冨敖鍔涖€傛偍浜嗚В杩欐柟闈㈡儏鍐靛悧锛?/span>

 

璋綔姘戯細鐨勭‘銆備範涔﹁鍒扮宸炰互鍚庯紝浠嶇劧蹇靛康涓嶅繕闂戒笢銆傝繖涓€鏂归潰鏄洜涓洪椊涓滀汉姘戠殑鐑儏銆佹烦鏈寸粰涔犱功璁扮暀涓嬩簡涓嶅彲纾ㄧ伃鐨勫嵃璞★紝浣嗘垜璁や负鏇撮噸瑕佺殑锛屾槸浠栨湁鐫€涓€棰椾笉鏀瑰彉璐洶鍦板尯闈㈣矊瑾撲笉缃紤鐨勬墽鐫€鍒濆績銆?/span>

 

涔犱功璁伴潪甯搁噸瑙嗗尯鍩熺粡娴庤仈鍚堜笌鍗忎綔锛屾垜璁板緱鏄?992骞达紝绂忓窞甯傛鍦ㄦ悶鏃у煄鏀归€狅紝涔犱功璁伴€氳繃绉樹功鎵撶數璇濈粰鎴戯紝瑕佹垜浠甫浜哄幓绂忓窞瀛︿範鏃у煄鏀归€犵殑缁忛獙锛屽洖鍒板畞寰蜂互鍚庡姞浠ュ€熼壌杩愮敤銆傚綋鏃讹紝鎴戝氨甯︿簡鎴戜滑瀹佸痉灏忓競鐨勫壇甯傞暱鍜屾湁鍏抽儴闂ㄨ礋璐e悓蹇椾竴璧峰埌绂忓窞鍘诲涔犮€備粬浜茶嚜鎵撶數璇濈粰绂忓窞甯傞紦妤煎尯銆佸彴姹熷尯鐨勮礋璐e悓蹇楋紝璇蜂粬浠悜鎴戜滑浠嬬粛鎯呭喌鍜岀粡楠屻€傛垜浠涔犲洖鏉ュ悗锛屾寜鐓х宸炵殑鏂规硶寮€濮嬫悶鏃у煄鏀归€犮€?994骞翠粬涓撶▼鍥炲埌瀹佸痉锛屼簡瑙e畞寰峰湴鍖虹粡娴庣ぞ浼氬彂灞曠殑鏈€鏂版儏鍐碉紝瀹炲湴璋冪爺瀹佸痉灏忓競灏忎笢闂ㄧ殑鏃у煄鏀归€犲伐浣滐紝杩樺療鐪嬩簡缇や紬瀹夌疆鐐癸紝鎰熷埌闈炲父婊℃剰銆備粬杩樹績鎴愪簡瀹佸痉灏忓競鍜岀宸炵娓呭競銆侀┈灏惧尯缁撳瀛愶紝鍙戞尌鍚勮嚜浼樺娍锛屽崗浣滃彂灞曪紝鍏卞悓杩涙銆傚弻鏂瑰畾鏈熶簰娲惧共閮ㄤ氦娴侀敾鐐硷紝鎴戜滑鐨勫悓蹇楀湪绂忔竻宸ヤ綔鏈熼棿瀛﹀埌浜嗗緢澶氱粡楠岋紝瀵逛簬鍙嶅摵瀹佸痉灏忓競鐨勫彂灞曡捣鍒颁簡绉瀬浣滅敤銆傛垜浠繁娣辨劅鍒帮紝涔犱功璁板闂戒笢鎬€鏈夋繁鍘氱殑鎰熸儏銆傝繖绉嶆劅鎯咃紝鍐充笉鏄浠栨浘缁忓伐浣滆繃鐨勫湴鏂圭殑涓€绉?ldquo;鐗规畩鍏崇収”锛岃€屾槸涓轰簡甯姪骞垮ぇ闂戒笢缇や紬鎽嗚劚璐洶鐨勪竴绉嶆嫵鎷充箣鎯呫€?/span>

 

閲囪缁勶細绂忓缓鏄部娴风渷浠斤紝鑸硅埗宸ヤ笟鏄寤虹殑鏀煴浜т笟銆傛偍鍚庢潵绂诲紑瀹佸痉锛屽嚭浠荤渷鑸硅埗宸ヤ笟闆嗗洟鍏徃鎬荤粡鐞嗐€傝鎮ㄨ皥璋堝綋鏃惰埞鑸堕泦鍥㈢殑鎯呭喌锛屼互鍙婁範杩戝钩鍚屽織瀵圭寤鸿埞鑸跺伐涓氱殑鍏冲績銆?/span>

 

璋綔姘戯細鎴?996骞?鏈堜粠瀹佸痉鍒扮渷鑸硅埗宸ヤ笟闆嗗洟鍏徃锛堜互涓嬬畝绉?ldquo;鑸硅埗闆嗗洟”锛夊伐浣滐紝閭f椂鍊欎範涔﹁宸茬粡鍗囦换鐪佸鍓功璁般€備粬瀵硅埞鑸堕泦鍥㈢殑鍙戝睍闈炲父鍏冲績锛岃€屼笖璧峰埌浜嗗法澶х殑鎺ㄥ姩浣滅敤銆?/span>

 

褰撴椂锛岀渷鑸硅埗闆嗗洟鏃椾笅鏈変笁澶ч骞查€犺埞浼佷笟锛屽氨鏄┈灏捐埞鍘傘€佷笢鍗楄埞鍘傘€佸帵闂ㄨ埞鍘傘€傝繖涓夊鑸瑰巶閮芥槸鍥藉鑸硅埗鍑哄彛鍩哄湴閲嶇偣浼佷笟锛岄┈灏捐埞鍘傛洿鏄巻鍙叉偁涔咃紝1866骞存竻鏀垮簻閲嶈嚕宸﹀畻妫犲湪椹熬鍒涘姙绂忓缓鑸规斂灞€锛屽湪涓浗杩戜唬宸ヤ笟杩戜箮绌虹櫧鐨勫湡鍦颁笂锛屽缓鑸瑰巶銆侀€犲叺鑸广€佸姙瀛﹀爞锛屾垚涓鸿繙涓滄渶澶х殑閫犺埞鍩哄湴銆傚彲浠ヨ锛屼竴涓┈灏捐埞鍘傜殑鍘嗗彶锛屽氨鏄腑鍥借繎浠e伐涓氳穼瀹曡捣浼忕殑鍘嗗彶缂╁奖銆?/span>

 

鎴戝埌鐪佽埞鑸堕泦鍥换鑱屾椂锛岃埞鑸跺伐涓氬凡缁忓嚭鐜颁簡姝ュ饱缁磋壈鐨勭姸鍐碉紝鑸瑰競涓嶆櫙姘旓紝骞查儴鑱屽伐鎬濇兂涓嶇ǔ瀹氾紝鍐嶅姞涓婇┈灏剧瓑涓夊鑸瑰巶璁惧闄堟棫锛屾病鏈夎祫閲戣繘琛岃澶囨洿鏂板拰鎶€鏈崌绾э紝鍦ㄥ浗鍐呴€犺埞琛屼笟涓殑鍦颁綅瓒婃潵瓒婅惤鍚庯紝鍑虹幇浜嗘病钀界殑鍗辨満銆?/span>

 

閭f椂鍊欒埞鑸跺伐涓氱珵浜夐潪甯告縺鐑堬紝鍏ㄥ浗鍍忛┈灏捐繖鏍风殑鑸瑰巶鑷冲皯鏈夊嚑鍗佸銆傞┈灏捐埞鍘傝櫧鐒舵槸鐧惧勾鑰佸巶锛屼絾绂忓缓浣滀负鎴樺鍓嶇嚎锛岄暱鏈熸病鏈夎祫閲戞姇鍏ワ紝寰堝揩灏辫涓€浜涜埞鍘傝刀涓婂拰瓒呰繃浜嗐€傚綋鏃堕┈灏捐埞鍘傚凡缁忚祫涓嶆姷鍊猴紝鍙戣亴宸ュ伐璧勯兘寰堝洶闅撅紝灏栫浜烘墠鐣欎笉浣忥紝鑰屼笖绋嶆湁涓嶆厧灏卞鏄撳紩鍙戠兢浣撲簨浠躲€傛湁浜涗汉鎻愯锛岃涓嶅氨璁╅┈灏捐埞鍘傝蛋鐮翠骇鐨勯亾璺€傛垜鍧氬喅涓嶅悓鎰忥紝鍍忚繖鏍风殑鐧惧勾鑰佸巶锛屽鏋滃湪鎴戜滑鎵嬩腑鐮翠骇浜嗭紝閭f垜浠氨鏄崈鍙ょ姜浜恒€?/span>

 

閲囪缁勶細鐨勭‘锛岄┈灏捐埞鍘傛槸绂忓缓鐨勯噸瑕佸悕鐗囷紝涓嶈兘杞昏█鐮翠骇銆傞偅涔堬紝涔犺繎骞冲悓蹇楁槸濡備綍鏀寔椹熬鑸瑰巶鍙戝睍鐨勶紵 

 

璋綔姘戯細涔犱功璁板埌鐪侀噷宸ヤ綔浠ュ悗锛屾浘澶氭鍒伴┈灏捐埞鍘傝€冨療鍜屾寚瀵煎伐浣溿€?/span>

 

1997骞?鏈?鏃ユ槸浠栫涓€娆″埌椹熬鑸瑰巶璋冪爺銆傚綋鏃讹紝绂忓窞甯傝淇竴鏉℃睙婊ㄥぇ閬擄紝鏈変竴娈垫兂鍙栭亾椹熬鑸瑰巶鐨勫巶鍖猴紝妯┛鑸瑰巶锛屽鏋滆繖鏍峰氨涓ラ噸褰卞搷浜嗚埞鍘傜殑鐢熶骇甯冨眬銆傚綋涔犱功璁颁簡瑙e埌杩欎簺鎯呭喌锛屼粬璁や负姹熸花澶ч亾浠庤埞鍘傜┛杩囩‘瀹炰笉鍚堥€傦紝浣嗕篃涓嶈兘鍥犳涓嶅彂灞曞叕璺紝浜庢槸灏辨彁鍑洪噰鐢ㄩ珮鏋舵ˉ鐨勬柟寮忥紝浠庤埞鍘備笂绌洪€氳繃銆傚缓璁捐櫧鐒剁粰鑸瑰巶甯︽潵涓€浜涗笉渚匡紝浣嗗苟娌℃湁褰卞搷姝e父鐢熶骇銆?/span>

 

2001骞?鏈?5鏃ワ紝涔犱功璁板凡缁忔媴浠荤寤虹渷鐪侀暱锛屽湪鐪佸競涓ょ骇棰嗗鐨勯櫔鍚屼笅鍒伴┈灏捐埞鍘傝皟鐮斻€備粬鍏堢櫥涓?.5涓囧惃鑸瑰彴锛屼粩缁嗗療鐪嬩簡姝e湪寤洪€犵殑涓€鍙枫€佷簩鍙?00绠遍泦瑁呯鑸圭敓浜ф儏鍐碉紝鍙堥┍杞﹀埌鐮佸ご锛屽療鐪嬫鍦ㄨ埦瑁呮柦宸ョ殑涓よ墭1.76涓囧惃杞紝鍚戞鍦ㄧ箒蹇欑敓浜х殑宸ヤ汉浠棶鍊欏拰鑷存剰銆?/span>

 

鍦ㄦ帴涓嬫潵鐨勬眹鎶ヤ細涓婏紝鎴戝悜浠栨眹鎶ヤ簡鐪佽埞鑸跺伐涓氱殑鍙戝睍鐘跺喌锛屼篃璁蹭簡椹熬鑸瑰巶閬囧埌鐨勫洶闅撅紝甯屾湜鐪佹斂搴滆兘澶熺粰浜堟壎鎸佸府鍔┿€備範涔﹁鍦ㄤ細涓婄粰鎴戜滑鎵撴皵锛岃偗瀹氫簡鎴戜滑杩欎簺骞寸殑鍙戝睍鎴愮哗锛岀壒鍒槸璧炴壃浜嗛瀵肩彮瀛愬拰宸ヤ汉鐨勭簿绁炵姸鎬併€備粬涔熷紑璇氬竷鍏湴璁诧紝鐪佹斂搴滃湪鍏ㄥ浗鐨勭粡娴庣粨鏋勮皟鏁翠腑锛屾湁鎰忔妸閫犺埞宸ヤ笟鐨勮皟鏁翠綔涓烘帹鍔ㄥ彂灞曠殑涓€涓噸鐐广€?/span>

 

涔犱功璁伴拡瀵归€犺埞浼佷笟鐨勮祫鏈噾娉ㄥ叆銆佽捶娆炬媴淇濆拰瀵瑰垱姹囦紒涓氱殑鎶€鏀硅创鎭棶棰橈紝涓€涓€浣滀簡鏀跨瓥鎬ч槓杩般€備粬琛ㄧず锛屼粖鍚庣渷閲屽湪璐㈡斂璧勯噾瀹夋帓涓婏紝灏嗙户缁椹熬鑸瑰巶瀹夋帓閫傚綋鐨勬姇鍏ャ€傚悓鏃跺笇鏈涢┈灏捐埞鍘傝寮€杈熷鍏冨寲鎶曡祫娓犻亾锛屽鏂归潰铻嶈祫锛岀敋鑷冲彲浠ュ皾璇曡蛋鍚堣祫鍔炰紒涓氱殑璺瓙銆備粬椴滄槑鎻愬嚭锛岄┈灏捐埞鍘傝鎼炲€鸿浆鑲★紝瑕佸厛鐢╂帀璐熸媴锛屾墠鑳借交鏉句笂闃碉紝鍐嶅垱杈夌厡銆傚嚑缁忚仈绯伙紝绂忓缓鍗庤瀺闆嗗洟鍑鸿祫9925涓囧厓锛屽崰41.29%鑲′唤锛岄┈灏捐埞鍘備互鍥哄畾璧勪骇鍏ヨ偂锛岃瘎浼颁负1.34浜垮厓锛屽崰55.79%鑲′唤锛屽墿浣欒偂浠界敱鍏朵粬3瀹朵紒涓氬嚭璧勩€傚悓骞?2鏈?1鏃ワ紝椹熬鑸瑰巶鎴愬姛瀹炵幇鏀瑰埗锛?2鏈?3鏃ユ寮忔寕鐗岃繍钀ャ€?/span>

 

浠庨偅浠ュ悗锛岄┈灏捐埞鍘傞噸鏂扮剷鍙戠敓鏈恒€傞摱琛岃捶娆鹃『鐣呬簡锛屾祦澶辩殑浜烘墠涔熷洖鏉ヤ簡锛屽ぇ瀹堕兘瀵瑰彂灞曞墠鏅厖婊″笇鏈涖€傛垜浠篃寮€濮嬬Н鏋佸埌鍥介檯甯傚満瀵绘壘鍟嗘満锛屾笎娓愭湁浜嗘潵鑷腹楹︺€佸痉鍥界殑璁㈠崟銆傚鐨勬椂鍊欙紝鍗曚粠涓€涓痉鍥藉鎴锋墜閲屽氨闄嗙画鎺ヤ簡26鑹樿疆鑸圭殑璁㈠崟銆傚儚椹熬鑸瑰巶杩欐牱鐨勬儏鍐碉紝褰撴椂瑕佹槸涓€骞磋兘鐢熶骇3鍒?鑹樿埞锛屽叏鍘傜殑璐圭敤灏辫兘寰堝ソ瑙e喅锛屽鏋滆兘鐢熶骇7鍒?鑹樿埞锛岄偅灏辫繃寰楃浉褰撲笉閿欎簡銆傚洜涓洪€犺埞璁炬柦鏄浐瀹氱殑锛岀敓浜х殑澶氾紝鐩稿鏉ヨ绠$悊璐圭敤鑷劧灏卞皯浜嗭紝鍒╂鼎涔熷氨楂樹簡銆傚€鸿浆鑲′箣鍓嶆垜浠竴骞翠篃灏辩敓浜т簩涓夎墭鑸癸紝鏀瑰埗浠ュ悗锛屾垜浠袱涓埞鍙颁竴骞村氨鑳界敓浜т竷鍏墭鑸广€傝礋鎷呭噺灏戜簡锛岃祫閲戞椿璧锋潵浜嗭紝宸ヤ汉绉瀬鎬т篃瓒婃潵瓒婇珮锛屾暣涓寤虹渷鐨勮埞鑸跺伐涓氫篃鍥犳璧板嚭浣庤胺锛屽緱鍒版尟鍏淬€?/span>

 

閲囪缁勶細闄や簡椹熬鑸瑰巶锛屼範杩戝钩鍚屽織瀵硅埞鑸堕泦鍥㈠彂灞曡繕缁欎簣浜嗗摢浜涙敮鎸侊紵

 

璋綔姘戯細涔犱功璁板绂忓缓鑸硅埗宸ヤ笟鍙戝睍鐨勬敮鎸佹槸鍏ㄦ柟闈㈢殑锛屼笉浠呯粰浜堜簡璧勯噾鏀寔锛岃€屼笖鎻愬嚭浜嗚澶氳嚦鍏抽噸瑕佺殑鍙戝睍鎬濊矾銆?/span>

 

鍦ㄤ粬涓诲涓嬶紝鐪侀噷姣忓勾鏃犲伩鍒掓嫧2000涓囧厓缁欒埞鑸堕泦鍥㈠叕鍙镐綔涓鸿祫鏈噾鎶曞叆锛屽湪鎶€鏈爺鍙戝拰鍗囩骇涓彂鎸ヤ簡閲嶈浣滅敤銆傜渷閲屽叏鍔涙敮鎸佹垜浠弬鍔犲浗闄呮€х殑娴蜂簨浼氾紝涓€鏂归潰澧為暱瑙佽瘑锛屽彟涓€鏂归潰鍦ㄥ浗闄呭競鍦轰腑瀵绘壘鍟嗘満锛屾嫇瀹藉彂灞曟笭閬撱€?/span>

 

2001骞?鏈?3鏃ユ櫄涓?0鐐瑰閽燂紝鍙伴“椋炵嚂”鍦ㄧ宸炵櫥闄嗭紝鎶婇┈灏捐埞鍘傚仠闈犲湪鐮佸ご涓婄殑涓よ墭1.76涓囧惃绾ц埞鑸剁殑缂嗙怀鍒柇浜嗭紝鑸逛骇鐢熺Щ浣嶏紝鎼佹祬鍦ㄩ檮杩戠殑姹熺晹銆傚綋鏅氭垜鍜岃埞鑸堕泦鍥㈢殑鍑犱釜鍚屽織鍒氬ソ鍦ㄥ帵闂ㄨ埞鍘傦紝寰楀埌娑堟伅绔嬪埢寰€鍥炶刀锛屽噷鏅?鐐归挓鎵嶅埌杈鹃┈灏俱€備笉涔呭悗锛岀渷娴蜂簨灞€棰嗗灏辫刀鍒伴┈灏撅紝杩欐槸涔犱功璁颁笓闂ㄧ粰浠栦滑鎵撲簡鐢佃瘽銆備粬涔熶笓闂ㄦ墦鐢佃瘽缁欐垜锛屽鑸瑰巶鐨勬崯澶辨儏鍐靛崄鍒嗗叧蹇冦€傚綋鏃跺ぉ杩樻病浜紝浠栫殑涓€閫氱數璇濊鎴戜滑闈炲父鎰熷姩銆?/span>

 

杩樻湁涓€浠跺緢閲嶈鐨勪簨锛屽氨鏄?000骞?鏈?5鏃ワ紝涔犱功璁板埌鍘﹂棬鑸瑰巶璋冪爺鎸囧銆傚惉浜嗘垜浠殑姹囨姤鍚庯紝浠栭潪甯告弧鎰忓湴璇达紝鍘﹂棬鑸瑰巶閫犺埞鑳藉姏杈惧埌浜嗗浗闄呮按骞筹紝鎺ュ崟鑳藉姏涔熸湁鎵€鎻愰珮锛屼笁骞村畬鎴愪簡寮傚湴鎼縼锛屽疄鐜颁簡浠庡缓閫犲崈鍚ㄨ疆鍚戜竾鍚ㄨ疆鐨勮法瓒婏紝鍒涢€犱簡鎴戝浗閫犺埞寤鸿鍙蹭笂鐨勫杩广€?/span>

 

浠栨帴鐫€璇达紝鍙戝睍鑸硅埗宸ヤ笟绗﹀悎鍥藉浜т笟鏀跨瓥瀵煎悜锛屾垜鐪佽埞鑸跺伐涓氬凡缁忔湁浜嗗緢濂藉熀纭€锛岃鍦ㄨ皟鏁翠骇涓氱粨鏋勪腑鑰冭檻濡備綍杩涗竴姝ユ壎鎸併€傛斂搴滆祫閲戝彲浠ユ敮鎸佷竴浜涳紝璁″銆佽储鏀裤€佺粡璐稿涔熻浜夊彇浠庢妧鏈敼閫犮€佺粨鏋勮皟鏁寸瓑璧勯噾涓粰浜堟敮鎸併€備絾鏄紝鏀垮簻鐨勯挶鍙槸鏉按杞﹁柂锛屾牴鏈嚭璺湪浜庢敼鍒躲€傜幇鍦ㄤ紒涓氭湁鍓嶆櫙锛岀浉淇′細鏈変汉鎰挎剰鍙傝偂锛岃В鍐虫姇璧勪富浣撳鍏冨寲闂銆?/span>

 

涔犱功璁扮殑涓€鐣瘽缁欎簡鎴戜滑寰堝ぇ榧撹垶锛屼篃涓烘垜浠寚鏄庝簡鏂瑰悜銆傛垜浠厛鍚庢壘浜嗛椊涓滅數鍔涘叕鍙弄€佸帵闂ㄥ缓鍙戝叕鍙弄€侀噸搴嗛挗閾佸巶绛変紒涓氾紝鍏卞悓鍙備笌鏀瑰埗銆傜敱浜庤祫閲戠己鍙e緢澶с€備範涔﹁浜嗚В浠ュ悗锛屽府鍔╂垜浠笓闂ㄧ粰瀹佸痉棰嗗鎵撶數璇濓紝鐪嬮椊涓滅數鍔涜兘鍚﹀嚭璧勩€傛病鎯冲埌鑱旂郴涔嬪悗锛岄椊涓滅數鍔涘緢“缁欏姏”锛屽悓鎰忓叆鑲?000涓囧厓锛屽崰鑲′唤32%锛屽姞涓婂缓鍙戝嚭璧?000涓囧厓锛屽崰20%锛屽姞涓婇噸閽互鍙婁竴瀹舵皯钀ヤ紒涓氬潎鍑鸿祫500涓囧厓锛屽悇鍗?%锛屽墿涓嬬殑鐢辫埞鑸堕泦鍥互鍘﹂棬鑸瑰巶鑷韩璧勪骇璇勪及1.1浜垮厓鍏ヨ偂锛屽崰44%锛屼竴鍏辩鎺?.5浜垮厓锛屼簬2002骞?鏈?8鏃ユ垚鍔熷疄鐜版敼鍒躲€傛垜浠繁鐭ワ紝娌℃湁涔犱功璁扮殑鍏冲績鎸囧锛屽氨娌℃湁鍘﹂棬鑸瑰巶鍚庢潵鐨勫彂灞曪紝鏇存病鏈夎埞鑸堕泦鍥㈢殑鍙戝睍銆?/span>

 

閲囪缁勶細鐪嬪埌绂忓缓鑸硅埗宸ヤ笟鐨勫彂灞曞彉鍖栵紝涔犺繎骞冲悓蹇椾綔鍑轰簡鎬庢牱鐨勮瘎浠凤紵

 

璋綔姘戯細涔犱功璁版病鏈変笌鎴戠郴缁熷湴璋堣繃杩欐柟闈㈠唴瀹癸紝浣嗘垜鑳芥劅鍙楀埌锛屼粬瀵硅埞鑸跺伐涓氥€佸椹熬銆佸绂忓缓閫犺埞琛屼笟鐨勫叧蹇冨拰鍘氱埍銆?/span>

 

鎴戣寰?002骞?鏈堢殑涓€涓槦鏈熸棩锛岄┈灏捐埞鍘傛湁涓€鑹樺嚭鍙e痉鍥界殑700绠遍泦瑁呯鑸瑰嵆灏嗕氦浠樹娇鐢紝鎴戜笓闂ㄩ個璇蜂粬杩囨潵鐪嬬湅銆備粬涓€鍚紝娆g劧绛斿簲銆備竴鏃╋紝涔犱功璁拌交杞︾畝浠庯紝鍙甫鐫€绉樹功鏉ュ埌椹熬鑸瑰巶锛岃繕鐗规剰璁╂垜涓嶈鍛婅瘔瀹d紶閮ㄩ棬銆備粬鐪嬪緱闈炲父浠旂粏锛屼粠搴曡埍鐪嬪埌椹鹃┒瀹わ紝璧板埌鑸归暱灞呬綇闂存椂杩樿繛杩炶禐鍙癸紝璇磋繖閲屽氨鍍忎簲鏄熺骇閰掑簵涓€鏍凤紝闈炲父楂樺叴銆備粬闂緱寰堜粩缁嗭紝閫犺埞鐢ㄦ枡鎬庝箞鏍凤紝鍥戒骇鍗犳瘮鏈夊灏戯紝绛夌瓑銆傛垜璇翠富瑕佺殑璁惧浠ュ強瀵艰埅绯荤粺閮借繕鏄潬杩涘彛銆備粬璇噸蹇冮暱鍦拌锛屾垜浠殑閫犺埞宸ヤ笟瑕佹兂鐪熸鍙戝睍濂斤紝杩樻槸瑕佹妸閲嶅績鏀惧湪鎻愰珮鎶€鏈按骞充笂锛屼笉瑕佹€诲共“鑻﹀姏娲诲効”锛岃鐫€鐪奸珮绮惧皷锛岃В鍐冲浗浜у寲锛屾帉鎻′富鍔ㄦ潈銆傛垜鎯筹紝瀵逛竴涓涓氭渶澶х殑鍏冲績锛岃帿涓嶆槸甯姪瀹冧粠鏍规簮涓婃壘鍒扮棁缁擄紝鎻愬嚭瀵圭棁涓嬭嵂鐨勮壇鏂广€備範涔﹁灏辨槸鐢ㄨ繖鏍风殑鏂瑰紡鏉ュ叧鐖辨垜浠殑銆?/span>

 

鎴戜滑涔熻兘鎰熷彈鍒帮紝涔犱功璁版妸鑸瑰巶褰撴垚绂忓缓鐨勪竴绉嶉獎鍌诧紝闈炲父涔愪簬鍚戝鎺ㄤ粙銆傛湁涓ゆ锛屽畞澶忓拰姹熻タ鐨勯瀵兼潵绂忓缓瀛︿範鑰冨療锛屼範涔﹁杩樹笓闂ㄩ櫔鍚屼粬浠埌椹熬鑸瑰巶鏉ワ紝鍚戜粬浠粙缁嶈埞鍘傜殑鍙戝睍鍘嗗彶銆?/span>

 

閲囪缁勶細鎴戜滑杩樻兂鍐嶉棶涓€涓棶棰橈紝浠庢偍涓庝範杩戝钩鍚屽織浜ゅ線鐨勮繖浜涘勾鐪嬶紝鎮ㄨ涓轰粬缁欐偍褰卞搷鏈€娣辩殑鏄粈涔堬紵

 

璋綔姘戯細浣犱滑璋堝埌杩欎釜闂锛屾垜寰堟劅鎱ㄣ€傛垜鍏堣涓€涓皬鏁呬簨鍚с€傛垜鍦ㄥ畞寰峰皬甯傚綋涔﹁鐨勬椂鍊欙紝涓栫晫鐭ュ悕鑹腐涓夐兘婢冲氨鍦ㄦ垜浠繖涓競锛屽綋鏃惰璁哄緱娌告哺鎵壃鐨勪笁閮芥境寮€鍙戠殑浜嬫儏灏卞湪鎴戠殑浠讳笂銆傛垜浠寮€鏀撅紝瑕佸彂灞曪紝褰撴椂寰堝浜哄氨鎶婁笁閮芥境娓拰鑽峰叞楣跨壒涓规腐鐩告瘮锛岃涓烘垜浠殑鑷劧鏉′欢姣斿姘存繁銆佹腐闃旂瓑鏂归潰閮芥瘮鑽峰叞楣跨壒涓规腐寮猴紝鍙鑷劧鏉′欢锛屾病璁插熀纭€璁炬柦鍜屽叾浠栨潯浠躲€備负姝わ紝鎴戣繕涓撻棬璇蜂簡涓撳杩囨潵“鎶婅剦”锛屽叾涓湁涓笓瀹跺疄鍦扮湅杩囦箣鍚庯紝绗戜簡绗戯紝闂垜锛氫綘鍘昏繃鑽峰叞楣跨壒涓规腐鍚楋紵鎴戣鎴戞病鍘昏繃銆傛垜鍚嚭鏉ヤ粬鐨勮瘽閲屾湁涓€涓濆槻璁界殑鎰忓懗锛屽綋鏃跺績閲岃繕鏈変簺涓嶆湇姘斻€傚彲鍚庢潵锛屾垜鍒扮渷鑸硅埗闆嗗洟宸ヤ綔锛屾湁鏈轰細鍑哄浗璋堜笟鍔★紝鏈変竴娆$湡鐨勫埌浜嗛箍鐗逛腹娓彛锛岀幇瀹炵粰浜嗘垜寰堝ぇ鐨勬墦鍑伙細鎴戜滑鐨勪笁閮芥境鎬庝箞鑳借窡浜哄鐨勬腐鍙g浉姣旓紵锛侀箍鐗逛腹鐨勬腐鍙o紝鍦扮悊浣嶇疆浼樿秺锛屽悐杞︽灄绔嬶紝閾佽矾銆佸叕璺€佽埅绌哄洓閫氬叓杈俱€傚彲鎴戜滑鐨勪笁閮芥境锛岀┖鏈夐暱闀跨殑娴峰哺绾匡紝浠€涔堜氦閫氶兘涓嶉€氥€侀厤濂椾篃娌℃湁锛屾€庝箞鑳戒竴涓嬪瓙灏卞紑鍙戜簡鍛紵

 

杩欎簺浜嬬粰鎴戠殑鏁欒寰堟繁锛屾垜涔熻秺鍙戣寰椾範杩戝钩鎬讳功璁颁笂涓栫邯80骞翠唬鍦ㄥ畞寰蜂换鑱屾椂灏辨彁鍑?ldquo;婊存按绌跨煶”鐨勭簿绁烇紝鏄涔堢殑鍔″疄鍜屾繁鍒伙紒鎴戜滑閮借兘浣撲細锛屼粬鏈変竴浠介泟蹇冨.蹇楋紝涔熸仺涓嶅緱闂戒笢鑳借繀閫熸憜鑴辫传鍥般€備絾浠栦篃闈炲父鍐烽潤鍦拌璇嗗埌锛屾垜浠笉鍙兘涓€涓嬪瓙鎶变笂“閲戝▋濞?rdquo;锛屽繀椤昏涓€姝ヤ竴涓剼鍗板湴璧颁笅鍘伙紝鏈€缁堟墠鑳芥垚浜嬨€傛垜璁板緱2010骞?鏈堬紝浠栧洖鍒板畞寰凤紝涓撻棬鍜屽畞寰风殑棰嗗鍜岃€佸悓蹇楃浉瑙侊紝鍙堣皥璧峰綋骞撮椊涓滀汉鐨勪笁澶фⅵ鎯筹紝铏界劧褰撴椂涓嶈兘瀹炵幇锛屼絾涓€浠绘帴鐫€涓€浠诲共鍒颁粖澶╋紝瀹佸痉寤哄競銆佹俯绂忛搧璺兘瀹炵幇浜嗭紝涓夐兘婢充篃鍦ㄥ紑鍙戜箣涓€傝繖灏辨槸“婊存按绌跨煶”鐨勫姏閲忋€傝繖鏄範涔﹁鐣欑粰鎴戜滑闂戒笢浜烘渶瀹濊吹鐨勭簿绁炶储瀵屻€?/span>
 

鏉ユ簮锛?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; letter-spacing: 0.544px; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">瀛︿範鏃舵姤锛坰tudytimes锛?/span>

鍒婅浇浜?/span>銆婂涔犳椂鎶ャ€?019骞?鏈?9鏃ョ3鐗?/span>

閲囪缁勶細鐢扮帀鐝?璺篃 鏉庢斂

 

鍘熸爣棰橈細銆?ldquo;涔犱功璁版晳娲讳簡鍏锋湁鐧惧勾鍘嗗彶鐨勯┈灏捐埞鍘?rdquo;——涔犺繎骞冲湪瀹佸痉锛堝崄涓夛級銆?/span>



 

鏈枃绔犺浆鑷細闇炴郸鏂伴椈缃?/a>
缂栬緫: 鍚翠簯瀵?/div>
闇炴郸鏂伴椈